Nepal is a landlocked country between China to the North and India to the South.
Area: 56,827 sq. Miles (Almost the same size of Tennessee of United States)
Political divisions: 14 Zones and 75 Districts
Population: About 30 million people and eight highest mountains of the world including the Mt. Everest are in Nepal. Over 72% of the population is in subsistence farming. With 40% of the population believed to be below the poverty line and a 47% unemployment rate. Nepal is among the 10 poorest socio-economic nations in the world.
Women and Education:
In Nepal we don’t have any government welfare programs to benefit the public. Women and girls are particularly destitute and disadvantaged. Greater than 50% of women are married before 18 years of age. "It is a common belief in our culture that there is no reason to invest in a girl’s education because no matter how educated she is, one day she will marry and be a part of another family." Nepali cultural mores make it difficult for women to assert their basic human rights, basic health care and education. Women have little knowledge of family planning, child care and nutrition. There is a lower likelihood that their daughters will be educated. The cycle of poverty continues. The majority of Nepali women live according to traditional roles: taking care of household chores, fetching water, farming, and raising children and are dependant upon the social and economic positions of the men in their household – fathers and husbands. Economic contributions go unnoticed although women may work longer and harder than men. In general, employed women receive 25% less wages than men.
Children and Education:
The majority of Nepal's population are children under age 18. These young people are not aware of the challenges that lie ahead of them, 70 percent of Nepalese children drop out of school before the fifth grade. The literacy rate for girls ages 15-24 is less than 50%. 27% of the children are child laborers of which 60% are between the ages 6-14. 40,000 children are bonded laborers working mostly in stone quarries.
Still Women Are Dominating In Nepal:
In our society men and women both play very important parts. Even if it may be tempting to believe that girls and boys are the same for a short while "after their birth this is not the case. From their first moments girls and boys are raised differently. To put it simply: girls get the dolls and boys the cars. The differences become more apparent the older the children get, especially if they have been brought up according to traditional values. Men and women very often have a completely different attitude in life. Men are said to be less emotional, but more determined, whereas women play the more caring, but also more dependent role in our society. But what would our world be dike if women were more like men? Detailed report at: http://www.nepalesecultureandtourism.com/2011/02/still-women-are-dominating-in-nepal.html
The CIA World Fact Book:
In 1951, the Nepali monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. An insurgency led by Maoist extremists broke out in 1996. The ensuing 10-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nation-wide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country's first president in July. Between 2008 and 2011 there have been four different coalition governments, led twice by the United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist, which received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, and twice by the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist. In November 2011, Maoist Prime Minister Baburam BHATTARAI, who was elected in August 2011, and the leaders of the main political parties signed an agreement seeking to conclude the peace process and recommit the Constituent Assembly to finish drafting the constitution by a May 2012 deadline.
More at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html